Setting Up a Pre-Backup Command that Will Automatically Manage Backup Files Saved to a local disk
How to set up a pre-backup command that will automatically manage the backup files saved to a folder on a local disk, including external drives connected to the local computer
The batch file provided will allow you to set up a backup retention policy for the backup files saved to a folder on the local drive. Please rename the pre_l_i.txt file to pre.bat and follow the instructions provided below to set it as a pre-backup command for your backup task.
(!) There is no need to edit the batch file provided. The target location, amount of backups and amount of backup sets that you want to keep is specified by providing the corresponding parameters (see more details below).
Setting it up
- Schedule a daily, weekly or monthly backup task choosing a network share as a target location for backup files. Make sure to select the "Create an incremental backup" or "Create a differential backup archive" option depending on whether you want to create incremental or differential backups.
- Place the batch file provided into a folder on the local disk (any folder) and then set it as a pre-backup command in the Backup Creation Options specifying the following parameters in the 'Arguments' field dividing them by one space:
(!) If the path to the batch file contains spaces (for example, C:\batch scripts\pre.bat) then, according to the common Windows Command Line scripting rules, you must take it into double quotes (for example, "C:\batch scripts\pre.bat"). Otherwise, the batch file will not execute as a pre-backup command.
- Path to the backup folder in the form of [drive letter]:\[folder name]. For example, E:\Backups
(!) If the path to the target backup folder contains spaces (for example, E:\Acronis backups\) then, according to the common Windows Command Line scripting rules, you must take it into double quotes (for example, "E:\Acronis backups\"). Otherwise, the batch file will not be able to access the target backup folder.
- Total amount of backups in each backup set (full + a number of incremental backups). For example, if you create a daily backup task and want to keep a week worth of backups, set this value to 7.
- Amount of older backup sets you want to keep (there will always be the current backup set and X amount of older sets located in set1, set2, etc subfolders within the parent backup folder). For example, if you set up a daily backup task and set the amount of backups in each set to 7 then specify 3, if you want to keep 4 weeks worth of backups (you will always have 1 current set and 3 older sets).
Here is an example of the correctly configured pre-backup command:
Here is what this pre-backup command is going to do
- Once the amount of backups in the backup folder reaches the predefined limit, it will place the entire set of backups (set = full + a number of incremental or differential backups) to a subfolder named set1, set2, set3, etc.
- Once the amount of backup sets (set1, set2, set3, etc subfolders) reaches the predefined limit, the oldest one (set1) will be deleted and the rest will be renamed in the following way set2 -> set1, set3 -> set2, etc.
- If you set up a daily backup task and specify 7 and 3 for the amount of the backups in the backup set and the amount of the older backup sets that you want to keep, you will always have no more than 7 backup files in your backup folder and no more than 3 older sets of backups consisting of 7 backup files each (4 sets total, i.e. the current one + 3 older sets).
(!) You can specify any other values than 7 and 3 (except for zeroes). For example, if you only want to keep full and no incremental or differential backups you can set the amount of backups in each set to 1 so each set only consists of one full backup.